- Intimate Relationships: Issues, Theories, and Research, 2/E
- ISBN-10: 0205454461 • ISBN-13: 9780205454464
- ©2011 • Pearson • Paper, 352 pp
Published 01/26/2010 • Instock
This text, written by two social psychologists, includes the latest scientific research on intimate relationships.
Intimate Relationships covers both classic and current material in a concise yet thorough and rigorous manner. Chapters range from attraction to love, attachment to jealousy, conflict to relationship dissolution — all written in a warm, personal, and engaging voice.
Each chapter is organized around the major issues and relevant theories, in addition to a critical evaluation about the research. When appropriate, the authors discuss and evaluate popular ideas about relationship processes in the context of scientific research. This includes critical evaluations of evolutionary approaches to attraction, victim-based accounts of abuse, and the separate-cultures view of the sexes.
Strangers, Friends, and Lovers
Why Is Life So Complicated?
The Need for Affiliation
The Need for Intimacy
The Need to Belong
The Inevitability of Social Relationships
Intimate Relationships Yesterday and Today
The Way We Were
The Way We Are Now
Methods to Study Relationships
The Science of Intimate Relationships: Controversies and Issues
Methodology: Data Collection and Analysis
Interviews and Surveys
Interpreting Survey Data: Correlations
Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Research
Experimental and Mundane Realism
INTERPRETING EXPERIMENTAL DATA: DYADIC EFFECTS
Collecting Couple Data
Data Collection in Real Time: Recording Ongoing Interactions
Speed-Dating as a Research Paradigm
Data Collection in the Internet Age
Meta-Analysis: The Analysis of Analyses
Physical Attractiveness and Dating Choices
Standards of Attractiveness: Bodies and Faces
Evolution and Attractiveness
The Importance of Averageness and Symmetry
The Physical Attractiveness Stereotype: Beauty is as Beauty Does
The “What Is Beautiful Is Good” Stereotype
Cute Boys and Girls Are Better People, Too
Infants Prefer Beautiful Faces
Is the Attractiveness Stereotype Culturally Universal?
“Don’t Hate Me Because I’m Beautiful:” Some Ugly Truths about Attractiveness
Is Beauty in the Eye of the Beholder?
Attractiveness and Dating: A Reprise
The Classical and Operant Conditioning of Liking
Attraction as Misattribution of Arousal
Characteristics of Others (Part I): The Gleam of Praise
Characteristics of Others (Part II): Agreement Is Everything
Similarity: Do Birds of a Feather Flock Together?
Complementarity: Do Opposites Attract?
Proximity: Marrying the Boy or Girl Next Door
Playing “Hard to Get”: Do We Love Those We Cannot Have?
The Allure of Secret Relationships
What Is So Lethal about Fatal Attractions?
Self-Presentation and Self-disclosure
Self-Presentation in the Heat of Interaction
Detecting Deceit in Self-Presentation
Models of Self-Disclosure
Self-Disclosure as Social Penetration
Individual Differences in Self-Disclosure
Anxiety, Trust, and Machiavellianism
Context Influences on Self-Disclosure
Self-Disclosure in Mature Relationships
Fairness and Equity
The Nature of Resources Exchanged
Rewards and Costs
Variety of Resources Exchanged
Determining What Is Fair: Equity Theory
Establishing Whether There Is Equity
Do People Really Seek Equity?
Reactions to Inequity
Evaluating Relationship Outcomes: Comparison Levels
The Thibaut and Kelley Model
The Investment Model
Close Relationships as Communal Relationships
Giving and Receiving Benefits
Controversies Surrounding the Communal-Exchange Distinction
Love and Emotion
Liking and Loving: A Conceptual Distinction
The Prototype of Love
Causal Theories of Love
The Evolution of Love
Love as Misattribution of Arousal
Love as Preoccupation with the Other
Type Theories of Love
The Colors of Love
Primary Love Styles
Secondary Love Styles
Research on Love Styles
A Triangular Theory of Love
Passionate Love and Companionate Love
Individual Differences in Love
Differences Due to Age and Relationship Duration
Love over Time: Does It Get Better or Worse?
Beyond Love: A Quick Look at Guilt
Patterns of Attachment in Infancy
Causes of Different Attachment Patterns
From Infant Attachment to Adult Attachment: Models of Transition
Consequences of Adult Attachment Styles
Attachment Style and Emotional Control
Attachment Style and Partner Choice
Attachment Styles, Relationship Satisfaction, and Stability
Attitudes about Sex: A Brief History
A Brief History of Research on Sex
Alfred Kinsey: What We Do When the Lights Are Out
Sex in the United States Today
Sex Around the World
Sex and the Married Couple: How Often Is Enough?
The Social Construction of Sexual Orientation
The Exotic Becomes Erotic: The EBE Theory of Sexual Orientation
Gay Brothers, but not Lesbian Sisters
Can a Straight Person Have a Same-sex Love Relationship?
Communication and Relationship Management
Sex Differences in Communication
Interruptions: Let Me Finish, Please!
Language Use and Conversation Management
Qualifiers and Hedges
Emotionality and Support
Men and Women: Different Cultures, Different Planets, Different “Degrees?”
Different Cultures or Different Skills?
Transactive Memory in Close Relationships
Creating and Maintaining Satisfying Relationships
The Special Case of Long-Distance Relationships
Fidelity and Jealousy
Fidelity and Jealousy across Time and Cultures
A Brief History of Jealousy
Envy: I Want What I Cannot Have (or You Can’t Always Get What You Want…)
Sources of Jealousy: The Jealous Person, the Partner, and the Rival
The Jealous Person
Social Cognitive Approaches to Jealousy
Reactions to Jealousy
Gender Differences in Perceptions of Threat
Gender and Reactions to Infidelity: Two Approaches
Gender and Reactions to Jealousy: “Every breath you take, …I’ll be watching you.”
Coping with the Green-Eyed Monster
An Attachment Approach to Jealousy
Relationship Violence and Abuse
Relationship Violence: Its Definition and Measurement
Consequences of Relationship Violence
Causes of Relationship Violence
Common Beliefs and Realities
Alcohol and Relationship Violence
The Macrocontext of Relationship Violence
The Microcontext of Relationship Violence: Individual Dispositions
The Need for Power
Power and Abuse
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENES AND INTERACTION VARIABLES
Conflict between Lovers versus Strangers
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: The Nature of Conflict in Intimate Relationships
From Order to Disorder: Types of Conflicts
Sources of Conflict: “I Said . . . , You Said . . .”
Gender and Conflict: “He Said . . . , She Said . . .”
Age and Conflict
Attribution and Conflict: Partner-Level Sources of Conflict
Reactions to Conflict
Peterson’s Stage Model: How We “Fight”
Expression versus Avoidance
What We Think and How We Feel
Affect Reciprocity and Attributions
Attachment Style and Conflict Resolution
Transforming Relationships—From Conflict to Growth
The Social Skill of Conflict Resolution
Conflict in Context
Balance Theory of Marriage and Conflict
Transforming Relationships with Forgiveness—“Love means you should say you’re sorry”
Dissolution and Its Aftermath
Dissolution of Intimate Relationships: The End of Romance
Causes of Dissolution
Barrier Models of Dissolution
Other Models of Dissolution
Evolutionary Approaches to Dissolution
Sex Differences in Dissolution
The Aftermath of Relationship Dissolution
Who Are the Lonely Hearts?
Feelings and Sources of Loneliness
In the Wake of Divorce
Divorce and Health
Structural and Sociological Factors Related to Divorce
Children of Divorce
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