## Table of Contents

*Note: Each chapter ends with a Study Summary, Review Exercises, and a Chapter Test. A Cumulative Review is provided after Chapters 3, 6, 9, 12, and 14. *

**Chapter 1 Introduction to Algebraic Expressions **

Introduction to Algebra

The Commutative, Associative, and Distributive Laws

Fraction Notation

Positive and Negative Real Numbers

Addition of Real Numbers

Subtraction of Real Numbers

Multiplication and Division of Real Numbers

Exponential Notation and Order of Operations

Connecting the Concepts

**Chapter 2 Equations, Inequalities, and Problem Solving **

Solving Equations

Using the Principles Together

Connecting the Concepts

Formulas

Applications with Percent

Problem Solving

Solving Inequalities

Solving Applications with Inequalities

**Chapter 3 Introduction to Graphing **

Reading Graphs, Plotting Points, and Scaling Graphs

Graphing Linear Equations

Graphing and Intercepts

Rates

Slope

Slope—Intercept Form

Connecting the Concepts

Point—Slope Form

Connecting the Concepts

**Chapter 4 Polynomials **

Exponents and Their Properties

Polynomials

Addition and Subtraction of Polynomials

Connecting the Concepts

Multiplication of Polynomials

Special Products

Polynomials in Several Variables

Division of Polynomials

Negative Exponents and Scientific Notation

**Chapter 5 Polynomials and Factoring **

Introduction to Factoring

Factoring Trinomials of the Type *x*^{2 }+ *bx* + *c*

Factoring Trinomials of the Type *ax*^{2} + *bx* + *c*

Factoring Perfect-Square Trinomials and Differences of Squares

Factoring Sums or Differences of Cubes

Factoring: A General Strategy

Connecting the Concepts

Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring

Connecting the Concepts

Solving Applications

**Chapter 6 Rational Expressions and Equations **

Rational Expressions

Multiplication and Division

Addition, Subtraction, and Least Common Denominators

Addition and Subtraction with Unlike Denominators

Complex Rational Expressions

Solving Rational Equations

Connecting the Concepts

Applications Using Rational Equations and Proportions

Formulas and Equations

**Chapter 7 Functions and Graphs **

Introduction to Functions

Domain and Range

Graphs of Functions (including brief review of graphing)

Connecting the Concepts

The Algebra of Functions

Variation and Problem Solving

**Chapter 8 Systems of Equations and Problem Solving **

Systems of Equations in Two Variables

Solving by Substitution or Elimination

Connecting the Concepts

Solving Applications: Systems of Two Equations

Systems of Equations in Three Variables

Connecting the Concepts

Solving Applications: Systems of Three Equations

Elimination Using Matrices

Determinants and Cramer’s Rule

Business and Economics Applications

**Chapter 9 Inequalities and Problem Solving **

Interval Notation and Problem Solving

Intersections, Unions, and Compound Inequalities

Absolute-Value Equations and Inequalities

Inequalities in Two Variables

Connecting the Concepts

Applications Using Linear Programming

**Chapter 10 Exponents and Radicals **

Radical Expressions and Functions

Rational Numbers as Exponents

Multiplying Radical Expressions

Dividing Radical Expressions

Expressions Containing Several Radical Terms

Solving Radical Equations

Connecting the Concepts

Geometric Applications

The Complex Numbers

**Chapter 11 Quadratic Functions and Equations **

Quadratic Equations

The Quadratic Formula

Applications Involving Quadratic Equations

Studying Solutions of Quadratic Equations

Equations Reducible to Quadratic

Quadratic Functions and Their Graphs

Connecting the Concepts

More About Graphing Quadratic Functions

Problem Solving and Quadratic Functions

Polynomial and Rational Inequalities

**Chapter 12 Exponential and Logarithmic Functions **

Composite and Inverse Functions

Exponential Functions

Connecting the Concepts

Logarithmic Functions

Properties of Logarithmic Functions

Common and Natural Logarithms

Solving Exponential and Logarithmic Equations

Applications of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

**Chapter 13 Conic Sections **

Conic Sections: Parabolas and Circles

Conic Sections: Ellipses

Conic Sections: Hyperbolas

Connecting the Concepts

Nonlinear Systems of Equations

**Chapter 14 Sequences, Series, and The Binomial Theorem**

Sequences and Series

Arithmetic Sequences and Series

Geometric Sequences and Series

The Binomial Theorem

Connecting the Concepts

**Chapter R Elementary Algebra Review **

Introduction to Algebraic Expressions

Equations, Inequalities, and Problem Solving

Introduction to Graphing

Polynomials

Polynomials and Factoring Rational Expressions and Equations

**Appendix A:** Sets

**Appendix B:** Synthetic Division

**Table 1:** Fractional and Decimal Equivalents

**Table 2:** Squares and Square Roots

**Table 3:** Geometric Formulas

**Answers **

**Glossary **

**Index **

**Index of Applications **

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